Volcanic eruption is a destructive event that can ruin properties and keep nearby areas filled with ash for weeks, or even months. Volcanic eruption will result to explosions that release rocks, gases, and ashes in air that are truly horrifying. Thanks to science that our scientists are able to monitor volcanic activity that can provide early warning before a serious event occurs. Here are the tips to survive and stay safe during volcanic eruption.
- Be alert.
If you hear a loud noise, such as an explosion, make sure you look up to see if anything falls in your direction so you can avoid getting hurt. There is a tendency you will die if a large piece of rock falls in your head so avoid falling debris carefully. Run, but make sure you look up from time to time to avoid accident.
- Run to higher ground.
It is safe to look for a higher ground during volcanic eruption. Same concept applies during a flash flood where the low areas are filled with running water. Avoid going to valleys for they are not safe during volcanic eruption.
- Do not stay in a place filled with ash.
Though having a good shelter is your primary goal during volcanic eruption, it is safe to assume that the roof might collapse when it is covered with ash. Ash is heavy when wet so the structure might not withstand its weight so it’s wise to avoid ash-covered refuge.
- If you are at home, it’s better to stay there than run outside.
Explosion during volcanic eruption releases gases in the atmosphere. If you go outside, the toxic gases can literally kill you. Stay away from windows and find something to cover your nose and mouth.
- Familiarize yourself with evacuation procedure.
Obtain a hazard-zone map and study it. It provides helpful information such as the paths for lava flow and the amount of time needed for it to reach a particular location. This will give you an idea which path to go and provide alternative routes in case you need to evacuate during volcanic eruption.
- Always have emergency supply of food and potable drinking water.
During worst cases where rescue and evacuation become difficult, it is wise to have at least a three-day supply of food and drinking water. Having such supplies is important because during volcanic eruption, water supplies are prone to contamination. Place all your supplies in one back so you can easily carry them when you need to leave your home.
- Listen to emergency instructions and abide them.
If you are told to stay inside, stay inside. Emergency personnel know better during emergencies. Follow all advisories to stay safe and alive. If you are advised to evacuate, do so. A lot of people die during volcanic eruptions because of their adamancy to follow advisories. This is not the best time to make decisions for yourself.
- Stay updated.
Turn on the television and radio to know the latest news and advisories from emergency and evacuation team. In this way, you will know whether to stay where you are or move out. You will also know what to expect once you go out to look for a safer place to stay.
- Never go sightseeing.
Though you will get curious what’s happening or what it looks like outside after an eruption, never ever go sightseeing! The worst thing you can do is to watch the lava and pyroclastic flows because they are life threatening.
- Avoid geothermal areas.
Steer clear from geothermal areas such as mudspots and hot springs. Stay in trail and never go across them. The thin layer of silica crust in boiling pools will break if you step on it causing you to fall, suffer from third-degree burns, and worse, death.