Everyone knows how essential water is to life. As much as water can keep you alive, drinking contaminated water can have an adverse effect on your health. You can never know when you’ll find yourself in a difficult situation, so having some knowledge about making an emergency water filter is helpful.
Below is a simple yet efficient guide to making an emergency water filter;
What you need to make your emergency water filter
- Coarse and fine stone.
- An empty water bottle.
- Charcoal(ground into fine powder)
- A knife.
- Rubber bands or a thin wire.
- Coarse sand.
- Fine sand
Cut off the bottom part of your water bottle with the knife. Make sure you cut it slowly. Making back to back cuts, like sawing, makes it easier.
If you have a hammer and a nail at your disposal, use it to punch a hole in the bottle cap. This will help slow down the water flow and improve the efficiency of the filter. If you do not have a nail and hammer, you can use your knife to stab the bottle cap.
Place the filter items one after the other starting with the cloth.
Add the charcoal in bits.
After adding the ground charcoal, place the other filter items in the order below;
The coarse sand.
The coarse stone.
Add all the filter items into the bottle in such a way that you will still be able to add the water.
You can choose to use a rag to cover the top and set it in place with the rubber band or wire.
Now how are you going to use your water filter?
Set your containers in place. They would be used to hold the water.
Hold your water filter over your container. Make sure the bottle cap is pointing towards the bottom of your container.
Pour the water into the filter
You have to do this slowly to avoid an overflow. When the water is about to reach the top of your filter, hold on and wait for the level to reduce. Keep pouring when you can see the gravel.
Wait for all the water to flow into the container. It shouldn’t take more than seven minutes.
If you notice that the water is not yet clear, you can repeat the process. As soon as the water stops trickling, remove the container from under the filter.
If you are in a remote area, and you have access to a stove and a pot, then boil the water for about one minute. Let it cool and the store it in an airtight container. You shouldn’t leave the water standing for long.
However, if you don’t have access to a stove and a pot, then you can store the water in an airtight container and drink it when you feel thirsty.