Are you thinking of planting a vegetable garden, or would you like to improve your current garden so that you can get the best out of it? Well, whatever the case is for you, there are several things you have to take into account if you want to develop a self-sufficient garden—that is to say, a garden that will allow you to grow amazing-quality plants without damaging the environment.
One thing you’ll absolutely need is soil that’s healthy. It’s to damage your soil by placing fertilizers and other additives into it, so that’s something you’ll definitely want to avoid. You can further enhance the quality of your soil via composting, whether by breaking down your kitchen scraps or by composting with worms (vermicomposting). To improve the quality of your plants, add some to the holes in which your plants are located every year at spring; this will provide the growing plants with nutrients. Use more compost in fall, so that the soil improves in quality. Composting is also beneficial because it functions as a kind of mulch; it holds moisture in, but prevents weeds from growing around the plants and blocking their access to sunlight and other nutrients.
While we’re on the subject of mulch, this substance is another excellent way to improve soil quality. In addition to compost, mulch can be made from straw, leaves, and clippings of grass. Mulch is used both to nourish plants as well as to keep weeds at bay. It also has the benefit of adding organic matter into your soil as the plants decompose.
Another component of a self-sufficient garden is that you water your plants in a way that is healthy and constructive. One such way is by using rainwater. You can gather rainwater for free by adding a barrel to your grounds. Alternately, you can also use a store-bought water catchment system.
Furthermore, another component of the perfect, self-sufficient garden is the plants themselves. You don’t need to spend a lot of money to acquire them. On the contrary, if you choose open-pollinated varieties of plants (aka heirloom varieties), then you can save the seeds and plant them again in the years to come. Thus, you can raise full-grown plants from small seeds, and do this for several years on end. Some plants particularly flourish from this method; examples include potatoes and garlic.
Finally, you’ll also want to use natural substances to improve how your plants grow. If you’ve adhered to the methods we’ve outlined above, then you won’t have as many problems with pest control or health of soil. Nevertheless, to fertilize your garden, you need to rely on other methods as well. You can make a natural bug spray out of garlic and hot peppers. When it comes to fertilizer, you can make your own, too; one example is compost tea, which is inexpensive in addition to self-sufficient.
Having discussed all these things, there’s only one step left for you to do (aside from doing some more research, that is): to go out there and working on your own garden. If you follow these simple tips, it won’t take you long before you’ve started developing an amazing, wonderful garden with plenty of delicious plants.