Waterborne diseases are ailments which are caused by pathogenic microorganisms (bacteria and viruses), transmitted when polluted water is used for drinking, washing, cooking, making ice- cubes, baby form etc. Some of the water borne illnesses are Diarrhea, Giardia, Dysentery, Salmonella, Typhoid Fever, Cholera and Hepatitis A. Few precautions that can be taken to prevent water borne diseases can be explained as below.
Do not use unsure brands of bottled water as some traders use to fill those bottles with unclean water, seal it, then sell it as purified water as they only concern about their profits, but not health. You can always look for the standards certification to make sure they comply with good health and safety standards. And if you are living in an area with poor sanitation, always use boiled or filtered water for drinking and day to day activities. And if the local medical officer of health has issued a Boil Water Advisory for your area or community, do make use of boiled water especially for drinking. Do not drink water from a springs, streams, rivers, lakes or shallow wells because they may be contaminated with animal or human feces. If using pools, use chlorine protection. Use filters to store water, but it should be noted that all filters are not capable of removing bacteria and viruses – therefore, when in doubt check manufactures claims carefully.
Always use drinks without ice unless the ice is made from purified water or boiled water. Avoid popsicles and flavored ices, they may have been made with polluted water. In many places, the food can be as risky as they may be made of polluted water, therefore, you should be especially suspicious or concerned of salads, uncooked fruits and vegetables, milk, raw meat and any food which is sold by street vendors and even restaurants. Do not eat raw fruits and vegetables unless peeled in your presence. Do not intake raw milk and other products made from raw milk and always use pasteurized or boiled milk.
Always try to keep foods and beverages closed and tinned and try not to drink water at parks and other recreational places. It is best to buy branded bottled water with certifications or take your own pure or boiled water bottle. Another common place where one can put oneself at risk of contracting water borne diseases is at hospitals, as they can be breeding grounds of pathogenic or harmful microorganism. Always sanitize your hands and have a bath after visiting a hospital. And washing hands is the most necessary and important method of prevention of waterborne illnesses. Further, one should wash hands every so often, especially before making food and before eating. Also, it is pretty much important to always wash your hands after using the toilet, changing baby’s diapers, after using handkerchiefs, after changing clothes soiled with feces, after caring people with waterborne illness, and after playing with pets and animals. Therefore, Practice good hygiene habits.
As mentioned above, if the following mentioned steps or precautionary measures are taken promptly and timely we can easily prevent water borne diseases for a better lifestyle and will be able to save the future generations ahead.