Whether you just want to go off the grid for a while for an adventure or if you find yourself in a position where you need to survive, you need to know everything that you can. One thing that you may not have considered during your research on building shelters or packing your survival bag is looking at just how to survive injuries when you are out in the wilderness. The fact is that you are susceptible to injury every day anyways, but you are more likely to get injured when you are out in the wilderness. Injuries can be even more dangerous out in the wild.
The most important thing for you to remember is to remain calm if something happens. This is important when you are treating yourself for injuries or another person. Injuries take enough energy; you do not need to exert more by freaking out. Plus without a focused and clear mind, you may not be very helpful in doing what you need to patch the injury up. There are many injuries that can come up and knowing what to do can be a huge difference.
A big problem that you may face is a fracture. Since you do not have an x-ray machine to help you determine if the injury is actually a fracture, it is better to be safe than sorry. To treat a fracture, you need to splint the injury at the joints that are above and below the injury. These splints should be padded before being placed on the injury. If there is a bone that looks like it is going to break through the skin or has already broken through, you should use traction to fix this deformity before splinting the arm. You also need to make sure that any other wounds are cleaned and dressed prior to splinting the wound. You should check the splint regularly to ensure it is not affecting circulation.
If you or a companion starts bleeding, you need to begin by elevating the wounded area above the heart. Once you do this, you will need to apply pressure to the area with a gauze or other fabric material. You can also use dry seaweed and sphagnum moss if you do not have anything else to use. Once you have stopped the bleeding, you need to clean out the wound with disinfectant and dress it to keep bacteria out. If the bleeding is serious, you can use the tourniquet method. This should only be used in serious situations as this can also cause serious harm.
Heat exhaustion and sunstroke are some other really common injuries that happen in the wilderness. Heat exhaustion occurs when the body becomes dehydrated. To treat this, a person needs to get plenty of rest, drink liquids, and use salt tablets. With sunstroke, the body has been exposed to too much sun. This can be treated by resting in the shade and drinking cool liquids and applying the cool liquids to your body.
These are just some tips to help you survive common injuries while out in the wilderness.
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