Two of the biggest challenges that a person has to face in the wild to survive is finding and procuring food and guarding himself from wild animals. In order to get enough calories, you need to find food high in protein and fat, and that means you need some skills to play the hunt and trap game. Since hunting uses up some valuable calories that you cannot afford to lose during a survival situation, you need to know how to build different types of hunting traps and how to use them to trap the wild animals. The basic purpose of traps and snares is to crush, choke, entangle and hang wild animals.
Let us look at 4 basic and easy to build snares and traps to improve your chances of survival in the wood.
- Peg snare
To make this, you will need a peg, a spring pole, a peg to work as a trigger, and a snare line with a noose. On the top of your peg carve a hook and dig it deep into the ground. This system will prove to be a brilliant anchor for your trap, especially in sandy soils where pegs often yank out of the ground. After setting your ground peg, carve a similar hook in your trigger peg so that it grabs onto the hook of your ground peg. On your spring pole, tie your snare line and then tie a knot onto the trigger peg. Make sure to tie the knot very near to the hook or else you will be pulling the trigger at an odd angle. Set the noose in a trail near to the peg trigger.
- Drowning snare
To set up a drowning snare, you need a heavy rock, a snare line with a noose, a stick to prop up the heavy rock in an elevated position and a float stick. This is the best trap if you have a steep banked waterway which is frequently visited by animals.
Basically, you need to tie one end of the snare line to the rock and the other to the float stick. Set the noose in a slide that is heading straight to the water. Elevate the rock just so that if the noose is tugged, the rock falls. Tie the prop stick in line on your snare line. The animal after getting rock will pull the rock in and drown. The float stick will allow you to locate the animal and rock.
You need three sticks, some bait and a deadfall weight (probably a heavy square edge rock). The square edge of the rock will allow it to sit on the ground. The sticks should be perfectly straight and same in length and diameter, probably one foot long and finger thick. On one stick, carve a flat screw driver point and let it become your vertical post. On the second stick again carve a flat screw driver point and on the other end a notch and let it be your diagonal stick. On the third stick, carve a notch at one end and on the other end make a point to receive bait. Next, layout your sticks to make a number 4 shape. Square up your vertical post and carve a notch on the horizontal bait stick so that it holds the square edge you carved on your vertical post. Now lay the sticks together so that the notches hold on to each other and hold the deadfall weight. Bait your trap and wait for your dinner.
- Ground snare
Position your snare at head height and tie it to the end of a tree, or a log that the animal can drag only to a short distance as the noose tightens. You can make snares from fishing line or wire. A thin wire will be the best for this type of snare as it won’t easily loosen itself. The best place to position this type of snare is on a game trail. Next, cover it with leaves to camouflage it.
With any type of snare or trap, you need to be very careful with its handling. Never hold the noose of a snare line with your fingers or bare hands after the trigger is set. If the trigger misfires, the noose can cling on your hand and rip off your skin.