When it comes to your survival, having a bow and a set of arrows provide you with a definite advantage as you can hunt small game from a distance and bring down bigger animals without putting yourself in harm’s way. The beauty of this weapon system is that you can make as many arrows as you want so you can feel as safe as you want.
However, creating a bow and arrows will require a few tools and access to the right type of wood so that your bow will have the right combination of strength and flexibility needed to last for a long time.
How to Make a Bow
As with making virtually anything, you will have to start with the right materials. In this case, you will need to find a hickory, maple or oak tree that is at least 8” in diameter. This will be the source wood for making your bow.
1) Cut & Split the Tree: You should get around six bow staves from it. Leave room on the end to cut off about 6” where the wood may be cracking. The staves should be about 1” thick and several inches wide from tip to tip.
2) Let the Wood Dry: Leave the bark on and let it dry for at least one month.
3) Debark & Shape: Use a drawknife to remove the bark and shape the bow. It should be about 1 1/4” wide at the ends to 1 ½” wide at the center. The length should be around 19” and tapered on each end. You can use a pocketknife to hone the shape where it is needed.
4) Taper with Drawknife: You’ll want to leave the center of the bow at 5” and about ¾” thick and taper to the ends which should be about ½” thick.
5) Make Grooves: Use a chainsaw file to create your string grooves at 45 degree angles on the outside of the tips. Then sand it down until it is all even on the top and bottom. You’ll want to use B-50 bowstring is possible.
6) Tiller Tree: In a separate piece of wood, put notches starting 10” back and every inch until you reach 30 inches. Place the top against the bow and pull it back to the 10” mark, then one inch at a time and look for any unevenness until you reach about 28 to 30”.
When everything is even and ready you will stain, dry and seal the bow and wrap where it is held with hemp cord. Add a light coat of glue and let it dry.
How to Make Arrows
Wooden shafts about 10” long are a good start if they are made from cedar, spruce or fir. You’ll need a fletching jig, nocks, taper tool and archery feathers. Wipe down the shafts and sand the surface smooth.
- 1) Taper one end for the nock
- 2) Roll the arrow to see if there are any bends
- 3) Seal it with acrylic floor finish and let dry. Three coats should work
- 4) Glue the nock on the end and fletch the other end to set the feathers
With a little work and patience, you can create a solid bow and as many arrows as you want so long as you have feathers, nocks and glue available.